Understanding and treating the 2 kinds of depression
11/3/2016 4:34 PM
People sometimes ask, “What is depression?” I like to break it into two different modes.
1. Situational depression
This type of depression is the most common, and it’s really a healthy depression. We should expect to be sad about certain things, such as losing someone we love or not getting the promotion we wanted at work.
2. Mood disorders
Mood disorders can be conditions such as clinical depression, seasonal effectiveness disorder, post-partum depression or persistent depressive disorder. These must be diagnosed by a doctor or psychiatrist. Symptoms include: lack of anything pleasurable, feelings of worthlessness, inability to concentrate, suicidal thoughts, trouble sleeping and appetite changes.
Typically, to be diagnosed with depression, the symptoms must be ongoing for a period of two weeks or longer. If you notice that a neighbor or friend is having a hard time coming out of a depressed state, especially if you know they have experienced a loss, it’s okay to talk to them and encourage them to seek counseling.
There are several things a person can do to help treat depression. Improving your diet and getting more exercise are two things that can help boost your mood. Medication and talk therapy are also options. Doing all of these things will go a long way.
In my opinion, the two most important options for treating depression are talk therapy and medication. If you had to choose just one, it would be talk therapy. Talking alone can change the thinking patterns of the brain without using any kind of chemicals. Plus, it allows you to think back to what was said and work with what you have heard.
If you would like more information about bereavement, grief counseling and support services, call the CTMC Family Grief Center at (512) 754-0322.
About the Author
Murray Kast, LPC, is the bereavement coordinator at the CTMC Family Grief Center.